Bharat Ratna


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Bharat Ratna

The highest-civilian award is given for exceptional service the advancement of art, literature and science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order.

» The decoration is in the form of a peepal leaf, about 5.8 cm long, 4.7 cm wide and 3.1 mm thick. It is of toned bronze. On its obverse is embossed a replica of the sun, 1.6 cm in diameter, below which the words “Bharat Ratna" are embossed in Hindi. On the reverse are State emblem and the motto, also in Hindi. The emblem, the sun and the rim are of platinum. The inscriptions are in burnished bronze.
» The first three recipients of Bharat Ratna were C. Rajagopalchari, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan and Dr. C.V. Raman in 1954 while Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was the first foreigner to be honoured with this award in 1987.



List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients

1954 Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Dr. Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman
1955 1955 Dr. Bhagwan Das, Dr. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraiya, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru.
1957 Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant
1958 Dr. Dhondo Keshave Karve
1961 Rajarshi Purushottam Das Tandon, Dr. Bidhan Chandra (B.C.) Roy
1962 Dr. Rajendra Prasad
1963 Dr. Zakir Hussain, Dr. Pandurang Vaman (P. V.)
1966 Kane Lai Bahadur Shastri (Posthumous)
1972 Mrs. Indira Gandhi
1975 Varahagiri Venkat (V.V.) Giri
1976 Kumaraswami (K.) Kamraj (Posthumous)
1980 Mary Teresa Bojaxhiu (Mother Teresa)
1983 Acharya Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous)
1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1988 Marudur Gopalan (MG) Ramachandran (Posthumous)
1990 Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar (Posthumous), Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
1991 Rajeev Gandhi (Posthumous),Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, Morarji Ranchhodji Desai
1992 Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai (J. R. D.) Tata, Maulana Abdul Kalam azad (Posthumous), Satyajit Ray
1997 Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous), Guljarilal Naidu (Posthumous), Dr. Abdul Pakir Jainulabdeen (A. P. J. ) Abdul Kalam
1998 Maduri Sanmukhavadivn (M. S.) Subbulakshmi, Chidambaram (C) Subramaniam, Jayaprakash Narayan
1999 Prof. Amartya Sen, Pt. Ravi Shankar, Loknayak Jay Praksh Narayan (Posthumous), Gopinath Bordoloi (Posthumous)
2001 Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar, Ustad Bismillah Khan
2009 Pt. Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi
2014 Prof. C. N. R. Rao, Sachin Ramesh Tandulker,




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