Hockey


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Hockey

» 'Blackheath Rugby and Hockey Club' is the first hockey club in the world which was set up in the year 1861 in England.
» London was the first city in England to popularize this game in the 1870s.
» In the year 1886, Hockey Association of England was formed in London.
» The apex institution of hockey is 'Federation International de Hockey', established on January 7, 1924, with headquarters at Vienna (Austria) and later shifted to Paris (France).
» The first International Hockey Match was played between Wales and Ireland in Rayle on June 26, 1895.
» Hockey was introduced in the Olympic games for the first time in 1908 in London.
» Indian Hockey Federation (IHF) was formed on the 7th November, 1925 at Gwalior.
» Since 1944, National Hockey Championship is organized by the I.H.F. every year.
» All India Women's Hockey Federation was formed in 1947.
» India took that part in Olympics for the first time in 1928 (in Amsterdam Olympics).
» In Olympics, India has won the hockey title a maximum of 8 times, first World Cup Hockey was played in Barcelona in 1971.

Measurements (Hockey)

» No. of Players — 11 players in each team
» Length of the Playing field - 91.44 metres
» Width of the Playing field - 50 to 55 metres
» Weight of the Ball — 155 to 163 grams
» Circumference of the Ball — 223 - 224 cm.
» Colour of the Ball — White
» Weight of the Hockey (Stick) - 280 grams (max)



World Cup Hockey

Year Place Winner Runners up India's Position
1971 Barcelona Pakistan Spain Third
1972 Amsterdam Holland India Second
1975 Kuala Lumpur India Pakistan First
1978 Buenos Aires Pakistan Holland Sixth
1982 Mumbai Pakistan West Germany Fifth
1986 London Australia England Twelfth
1990 Lahore Holland Pakistan Tenth
1994 Sydney Pakistan Holland Fifth
1998 Utrecht Holland Spain Ninth
2002 Kuala Lumpur Germany Australia Tenth
2006 Monchengladbach (Germany) Germany Australia Eleventh (Germany)
2010 New Delhi Australia Germany Eighth
2014 The Hegue Australia Netherlands Ninth

 

» The next World Cup Hockey (Mens) is proposed to be held in 2018 in Bhubneshwar (India).




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