Important Articles of the Constitution


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Part I

Articles Subject
Art. 1-4 The Union and its territory.

Part II

Articles Subject
Art. 5-11 Citizenship

Part III

Articles Subject
Fundamental Rights
Art. 12 Definition
Art. 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
Right to Equality
Art. 14 Equality before law
Art. 15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
Art. 16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
Art. 17 Abolition of untouchability
Art. 18 Abolition of titles
Right to Freedom
Art. 19 Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc.
Art. 20 Protection in respect of conviction for offences
Art. 21 Protection of life and personal liberty
21A. Right to education
Art. 22 Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
Right against Exploitation
Art. 23 Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
Art. 24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc.
Right to Freedom of Religion
Art. 25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
Art. 26 Freedom to manage religious affairs
Art. 27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
Art. 28 Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions
Right to Freedom of Religion
Art. 29 Protection of interests of minorities
Art. 30 Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions
Saving of certain Laws
Art. 31A Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates etc.
Art. 31B Validation of certain Acts and Regulations
Art. 31C Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles


Right to Constitutional Remedies
Art. 32 Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this Part
Art. 33 Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this Part in their application to Forces etc.
Art. 34 Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
Art. 35 Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this Part
Part IV Directive Principles of State Policy
Art. 36 Definition
Art. 37 Application of the principles contained in this Part
Art. 38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people
Art. 39 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State
Art. 39A Equal justice and free legal aid
Art. 40 Organisation of village panchayats
Art. 41 Right to work, to education and to public assistance in certain cases
Art. 42 Provision for just and humane conditions of work and maternity relief
Art. 43 Living wage etc for workers
Art. 43A Participation of workers in management of industries
Art. 43B The State shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control and professional management of co┬Čoperative societies.
Art. 44 Uniform civil code for the citizens
Art. 45 Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years
Art. 46 Promotion of educational and economic interest of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and other weaker sections
Art. 47 Duty of the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health
Art. 48 Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry Art. 48A Protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life
Art. 49 Protection of monuments and places and objects of national importance
Art. 50 Separation of judiciary from executive
Art. 51 Promotion of international peace and security
Part IVA Art. 51A Fundamental Duties



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