Short Passages Comprehension - VII

Please study carefully the comprehension given below. The passages is followed by a set of questions choose the best answer to each question.

Mountaineering is now looked upon as the king of sports. But men have lived amongst the mountains since prehistoric times and in some parts of the world, as in the Andes and Himalayas, difficult mountain journeys have inevitably been part of their everyday life. However, some of the peaks there were easily accessible from most of the cities of Europe. It is quite interesting that while modern mountaineers prefer difficult routes for the greater enjoyment of sport, the early climbers looked for the easiest ones, for the summit was the prize they all set their eyes on. Popular interest in mountaineering increased considerably after the ascent of the Alpine peak of Matterhorn in 1865 and Edward Whymper’s dramatic account of the climb and fatal accident which occurred during the descent.
In the risky sport of mountaineering the element of competition between either individuals or teams is totally absent. Rather one can say that the competition is between the team and the peaks themselves. The individuals making up a party must climb together as a team, for they depend upon one another for their safety. Mountaineering can be dangerous unless reasonable precautions are taken. However, the majority of fatal accidents happen to parties which are inexperienced or not properly equipped. Since many accidents are caused due to bad weather, the safe climber is the man who knows when it is time to turn back, however, tempting it may be to press on and try to reach the summit.

Ques 1. Mountaineering is different from other sports because :
(a) it is risky and dangerous
(b) it can be fatal
(c) it is most thrilling and exciting, there is no competition between individuals

Ques 2. People living in the Andes and the Himalayas made mountain journeys because :
(a) it was a kind of sport
(b) they had to undertake them in their day-to-day life
(c) they lived in pre-historic time
(d) of the challenge offered by the difficult journey

Ques 3. Mountaineers climb as a team because :
(a) the height is too much for one individual
(b) the competition is between the team and the peak
(c) they have to rely on each other for safety
(d) there is no competition among them

Ques 4. “. . . . . the summit was the prize they all set their eyes on”. In the context of the passage, this means :
(a) reaching the top was their exclusive concern
(b) they kept their eyes steadily on reaching the summit
(c) they cared for nothing but the prize of reaching the summit
(d) they chose a route from which they could see the summit clearly

Ques 5. “to press” in the last sentence of the passage means :
(a) to struggle in a forceful manner
(b) to force upon others
(c) to work fearlessly
(d) to continue in a determined manner

Answers :
(1) (c), (2) (b), (3) (c), (4) (a), (5) (d).