Performance can be improved by using two-dimensional parity check, which organizes the block of bits in the form of a table. Parity check bits are calculated for each row, which is equivalent to a simple parity check bit. Parity check bits are also calculated for all columns then both are sent along with the data. At the receiving end these are compared with the parity bits calculated on the received data.

Two-dimension Parity Checking

Two- Dimension Parity Checking increases the likelihood of detecting burst errors. As we have shown in Fig. 3.2.4 that a 2-D Parity check of n bits can detect a burst error of n bits. A burst error of more than n bits is also detected by 2-D Parity check with a high-probability. There is, however, one pattern of error that remains elusive. If two bits in one data unit are damaged and two bits in exactly same position in another data unit are also damaged, the 2-D Parity check checker will not detect an error.

Example, if two data units: 11001100 and 10101100. If first and second from last bits in each of them is changed, making the data units as 01001110 and 00101110, the error cannot be detected by 2-D Parity check.