General Knowledge



They are named by replacing final e of the parent alkane by -ol.

Some examples of alcohols are :
CH3OH — Methanol and C2H5OH — Ethanol Alcohols

Thery are soluble in water because they can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules.

Methanol (CH3OH)

Methanol is also called wood alcohol because it was earlier obtained by heating wood in the absence of air. It has many industrial uses. It is used in the synthesis of acetic acid and many adhesives, fibres, and plastics. It is also used as an additive to petrol and also as a fuel.

Ethanol (C2H5OH)

Ethanol is present in beer, wine, and medicines. It is produced by the fermentation of carbohydrates such as glucose and starch present in grapes, barley, etc.